Trimming back the excess vines, foliage and crowded bunches during the summer allows the grapevine to concentrate its energy on producing larger and sweeter fruits. Pruning is based on producing fruit in the current season, and renewing young canes for the next year. During the First Growing Season The objective is to train the vine up to the desired wire. Wine grapes and muscadines usually need spur pruning, and American grapes, such as Concord and Thompson Seedless, require cane pruning. Pruning Muscadine Grapes to Trellis Framework. You should prune mature grape vines during their dormancy phase, which is in the late winter, from January through the first of March in most areas. Grapes produce fruit from buds on first year wood. The main pruning season for grape vines is early winter, but they need regular pruning and maintenance throughout the growing season to keep them manageable and productive. This will stay a spur until you need to use it for renewing the vine. Concord vines can grow as much as 20 feet per year. With degrees in fine and commercial art and Spanish, Ruth de Jauregui is an old-school graphic artist, book designer and published author. Maybe it was in anticipation of all the festivities (and bubbly!) Prune areas on the plant exhibiting dead or dying growth during the growing season. Look closely at the grapevine to determine where the plant requires pruning. Grapes form on new wood so need to be pruned every year to a framework. Pruning too much will reduce buds on the fruiting vines of the plant. When it comes to pruning grapes, the most common mistake people make is not pruning hard enough. As the trunk grows, clip out the side shoots that develop, but leave the leaf growth along the trunk alone. Start when the vines are one year old vine because that will set it up for the following season. Some summer pruning helps control new shoots and the overall size of the grape plant. Maybe you have the same situation Leo has. Cluster Thinning. Step 2. About a month before spring, it is time to prune your grape vine. Save to … Avoid removing too many fruiting canes when pruning to reduce vine length. Grape vine pruning is a relatively simple concept of which Grape vine growers seem to grasp fairly quickly. There are two types of grape pruning – cane pruning and spur pruning. Pruning later in the dormant season has the advantage that the pruning cuts, which are injuries, will expose the grapes for a shorter time to diseases such as grapevine cankers. First Year Training Options The use of grow tubes or pruning to 1 or 2 shoots promotes top growth as opposed to root growth. Expect to remove 70 to 90 percent of the previous year’s growth each winter. For vines young and old, pruning is the key to managing canopy, fruit quality and growth. May 31, 2013 - How to Prune a Grape Vine During Growing Season Pruning grape vines during the growing season requires careful attention to prevent damaging the vine. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Grapes are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, depending on the variety. Prune the longest vines down to 4 to 6 feet long. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, New Mexico State University: Pruning Backyard Grapes in Summer, Oklahoma State University: Growing Grapes in the Home Garden, Ohio State University: Basic Principles of Pruning Backyard Grapevines, Oregon State University: Grapevine Pruning Guide. Do not prune at the end of the growing season, since this encourages new bud formation at vine ends, resulting in fewer buds forming on the length of the vine. • A greater root mass promotes better growth the following year. Warmer climates don’t have a large window of opportunity, so you should complete pruning by mid-February. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Use the pruned grapevines to make rustic baskets and decorations for the home. Growing Grapes. Pruning grape vines during the growing season requires careful attention to prevent damaging the vine. During the spring season, reduce all these shots to one. of the coming season or perhaps it was the thought of the cool sanctuary that an arbour covered in grapevines offer from the summer heat…whatever prompted us to write this blog, grapes are most certainly making a comeback! Step-by-step: Summer pruning of grapevines Vines produce an abundance of buds on the most recent growth. After New Year is usually a safe time. First growing season: Leave the plant alone. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! 2 Prune vines that bloom early right after their flowers fade. 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