Journal description Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal, devoted to pharmaceutical sciences. Pharmacists play a vital role in improving patient care through the medicine and information they provide. Data Storage 2. A multidisciplinary team of pharmacy, information technology, and nursing staff was assembled to select a new vendor. The Importance of Information Technology in Security With so many transactions done online and so much information available online, it’s important to keep all of that safe. While science is the study of the physical and the natural world, technology is the application arising from science. Electronic prescribing of controlled substances (EPCS) and prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are technologies currently being used in pharmacy, and their use will accelerate in the near future (see Sidebar). This would make the FIP increasingly important.Growing emphasis was being placed on defining and meeting unmet needs in terms of disease management for individual patients. Journal description Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology (RJPT) is an international, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal, devoted to pharmaceutical sciences. Automated Dispensing Units/Cabinet. Surgical Procedures 3. Introducing the second plenary session at the International Pharmaceutical Federation congress on August 28, Professor Philip Schneider (United States) said that advances in drug science, biotechnology and genomics, due to appear in the next decade, would bring both challenges and opportunities for pharmacists in the near future. Applications of electrolysis, Electroplating, Purification of metals & Extraction of aluminum from bauxite, Samsung Galaxy J3 (2015) review, advantages, disadvantages & specifications. Thank you very much for your comment. But evidence-based medicine was not just about looking back but looking forward, too, simply because the knowledge generated from it provided information on how to do better studies in the future that would bring real benefits more rapidly, Professor More concluded. So much useful for me thank you so much sir. Professor DOUWE BREIMER (Leiden/Amsterdam centre for drug research, Leiden university, the Netherlands) pointed out the importance of thinking globally. The ways in which medications are prescribed, dispensed, and administered in the United States are rapidly changing. Thank you for your comment, Indeed this is helpful, just what I wanted to see, thanks, You are welcome How has the USP had a role in pharmacy practice over the last 190 years? For more information please take a look at our terms and conditions. They are closely linked aspects of society and the studies and developments in both these fields are essential for the overall progress of mankind. For example, double-blind trials had shown no benefit of acupuncture over sham acupuncture and homoeopathy over placebo, whereas non-blinded trials had demonstrated benefits of both these therapies. Importance of Artificial intelligence in healthcare and medicine You will be re-directed back to this page where you will have the ability to comment. So, there was clearly a need to do better. Pharmacy, the science and art concerned with the preparation and standardization of drugs.Its scope includes the cultivation of plants that are used as drugs, the synthesis of chemical compounds of medicinal value, and the analysis of medicinal agents. Pharmaceutical science improved markedly in the 16th and 17th centuries. Patient Care in Community Practice is a unique, practical guide for healthcare professionals or carers. Before understanding the importance of science and technology, it is important for us to understand that science and technology are closely associated with our lives. Updated January 9, 2020. The implications of the human genomic programme, including the possibility of new diagnostic capabilities, increased precision in therapy, genetic or gene-regulating medicine together with the need to counsel high-risk patients on lifestyle, were enormous. Covers a range of non-medicinal products suitable for use at home. Probability (P) values were no longer good enough, but statistics such as odds ratios and relative risk were not widely understood. RubbishAll these principles applied not only to assessing different therapies, but also to adverse drug reactions, diagnostics, and so on. Research suggests that nearly one million technology jobs will be unfulfilled by 2024. It is vitally important to understand pH and its influence on drug solubility, stability, and absorption. Principles of pH In pharmacy practice, pH is a critical variable and a basic understanding of its principles and measurement is important. To promote tech advance, developing countries should invest in quality education for youth, and continuous skills training for workers and managers. The Art, Science, and Technology of Pharmaceutical Compounding FIFTH EDITION Loyd V. Allen Jr., PhD EDITOR IN CHIEF International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding Edmond, Oklahoma and PROFESSOR EMERITUS College of Pharmacy University of Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Washington, D.C. Your email address will not be published. Application of genetic knowledge heralded a revolution in the prevention and treatment of disease, with more accurate prognoses, more targeted treatments and new mechanisms of treatment to explore.However, the impact of these developments on health care costs were complex and uncertain. IssuesAgain, pharmacogenetics raised several issues. Some parts of the site may not work properly if you choose not to accept cookies. Microscopes have opened up a whole new dimension in science, By using Microscopes scientists were able to discover the existence of the microorganisms, study the structure of cells, and see the smallest parts of plants, animals, and fungi. And how would the increasing requirements for information be managed? In medical technology & research: This is also a field that is highly reliant on analytical chemistry. Dr FRANÇOIS SCHUBERT (vice-president, global health outcomes, Glaxo Wellcome, Canada) explored the economics of genomics in drug therapy and discussed the potential impact on health care delivery and pharmacy practice. While fewer adverse events, reductions in unnecessary drug use and improved outcomes could reduce costs, the advent of curative health care would increase demand and hence costs. But whether health care systems could cope was unknown. That is the notion that technology alone, or is even the most important factor, can determine the outbreak or outcome of conflict. Is the future of pharmacy under threat from technology? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using YouTube? The Importance of Information Technology in Security With so many transactions done online and so much information available online, it’s important to keep all of that safe. The history of science and technology (HST) is a field of history that examines how the understanding of the natural world (science) and the ability to manipulate it have changed over the millennia and centuries.This academic discipline also studies the cultural, economic, and political impacts of scientific innovation. Pharmacists are responsible for the preparation of the dosage forms of drugs, such as tablets, capsules, and sterile solutions for injection. The rationality associated with science and technology rests uneasily with the chaos of war. That said, as long as humans have fought, they have sought advantages in speed, firepower, protection, reach, and similar qualities amenable to enhancements by rational methods of science … To some degree, pharmacists are interested in information technology because we can envision it increasing efficiency in our daily tasks and improving our access to vital information. Having an influence on bioavailability and drug distribution to target sites, these included amino acid and peptide transporters, nucleoside transporters and multi-drug resistance transporters. The wars of the last decade should also remind us that co-option of broadly available commercial technologies may present the most significant operational threat, e.g., cell-phone activated IEDs in Iraq and Afghanistan. “Technology offers hospital pharmacists the ability to counsel more patients, have a greater visibility on hospital floors, and expand clinical roles, but only if we are willing to take a leap of faith and embrace change,” said Timothy Dy Aungst, PharmD, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice at the School of Pharmacy at MCPHS Un… World-wide, there were 30,000 medical journals publishing a total of six million papers a week, but 90 per cent of these papers were scientifically flawed and should not be read. Powered By Arb4Host Network. Although this would probably not be feasible in the treatment of patients for the next 10 years, it could, and should, be used in drug research. To come to such conclusions using the principles of evidence-based medicine clearly involved looking back at the literature. The importance and uses of computer technology in pharmacy. This had implications for counselling. New screening procedures, counselling services and preventive strategies would increase costs, but the avoidance or delay of disease or a decrease in disease severity would lead to reductions in medication, fewer visits to doctors and shorter hospital stays and hence could lead to lower costs. It was also important to know what happened to those patients who were not free of pain - the non-responders. Citation: The Pharmaceutical Journal, September 2000, online | Indeed, drug development had proceeded on a global basis for a number of decades, and it was clear that this would continue. The importance of this science can hardly be exaggerated, since it is referred to the human health and person’s well-being. However, selection of new compounds was increasingly being based not only on pharmacokinetics, but also on pharmacodynamics and pathophysiology - factors which did not remain constant with time in one individual, but which needed to be taken into account to optimise drug therapy.Biomarkers, such as blood glucose, blood pressure, skeletal muscle tension and EEG and ECG signals, could be used to monitor the severity of a disease on an ongoing basis and this information could be fed back to the drug delivery system to adjust the dose as necessary. By Emilie Ray April 04, 2016. Pros and cons of technology in education & Can technology replace teachers? The importance and uses of nuclear forces, The ways of heat transfer through different media. Knowledge Sharing As in any other field, the importance of computer technology in medicine cannot be igno… Clozapine was another example, and patients with certain alleles at the 5-HT2A receptor responded better to the drug than those without. New Technology, new opportunities Technology is only just beginning to have an effect on healthcare and this is only likely to increase. The role of information technology in pharmacy practice is dynamic and not likely to lose relevance in the coming years. For example, it had been learnt that cytochrome P450 had a number of isoforms, which had different substrates; 2D6 was one of these isoforms, and 6 to 10 per cent of the population were defective in it. Importance in PharmaIndustry Decreased manual work Smooth & ease of work flow Strict security Reduced paper work i.e. Almost everything that we see around us is the gift of science and technology. Includes registration requirements and pharmacovigilance. Computer technology in dentistry (Digital dentistry) uses, types, cons & pros. Explains the methodology and requirements of pre-clinical safety assessments of new medicines. The Technology Fund, announced by the Government in May 2013, will, hopefully, increase the adoption and use of EP in hospitals. Thus, trials that were not randomised could lead to a 40 per cent overestimate of treatment effects, trials that were too small to a 30 per cent overestimate, and trials that were not double-blinded to a 17 per cent overestimate. Finally, the book also covers the important current pharmaceutical issues like quality control, safety, counterfeiting and abuse of drugs, and future prospects for pharmaceutical industry. Of the total world literature in diagnostics, 99.9 per cent was rubbish. Timely and accurate transmission of a patient’s discharge prescription from secondary to primary care is important to ensure seamless patient care, and also to prevent errors arising from miscommunications. According to Professor ANDREW MORE (executive editor of Bandolier, Oxford, England), the philosophy of evidence-based medicine was one that could not be ignored either now or in the future. Students who enjoy science and want to contribute to medical advances may want to pursue a degree in the field of pharmacy. Employers in the industry say the problem is that college computer science programs were … The impact of new science and technology on pharmacy practice. Biological computers mechanism, uses, pros and cons. What would happen to those who had a disease for which there was no treatment? We will look at each of … The treatments themselves might be costly, but they might reduce the use of health care resources. Benefits of genetic testing included new insights into disease and medicines, and the potential for optimal drug response. Genetic polymorphisms affected a number of other P450 isoforms, as did other factors, such as age, enzyme induction and inhibition, disease, smoking, alcohol, grapefruit juice, nutrition, pollutants, concomitant medication, and so on. However, as was the case for disease genetics, the overall costs of pharmacogenetics were difficult to measure. These include working in the community, a hospital, home health care, pharmaceutical research companies, nursing … Difference Between BS in Pharmaceutical Sciences & Doctor of Pharmacy. Identification of the genes related to Alzheimer's disease - and there were three common alleles, APO4, 3 and 2 - provided opportunities for new treatments, while a total genetic scan could give an indication of, for example, the probability of coronary heart disease or risk of dementia. And if pharmacists did not grasp this opportunity, others would.Indeed, genetic technology could lead to an increasing role for pharmacy, in that doctors would diagnose and pharmacists could select treatments on the basis of pharmacogenetics. This book on basic statistics has been specifically written for pharmacy students. The main managing agency responsible for science and technology is the Department of Science and Technology. What was needed was "to avoid making the measurable important and find ways to make the important measurable".Unfortunately, systematic review or meta-analysis had the capacity to produce a lot of statistics that were difficult to understand. Current drug development was not sufficiently discriminatory between patients and between products, and there was a need to generate quality information on the safe and effective use of drugs in individual patients. When looking at the efficacy of treatment for migraine, what was really necessary was to find out the number of patients who were free of pain. Be it the smart-phones, fan, wheel, vehicles, cloth, paper, toothbrush, electricity, microwave, vehicles, radio, television, laptops, etc., everything is the result of science and technology. No such trial methodology led to an underestimate of treatment effects. It is a technology for carrying out immunofluorescence studies that may be applied to find specific cells in complex biological systems. The "number needed to treat" (NNT) had represented a step in the right direction, but there was now a move to looking at the number of patients who had the desired outcome together with the 95 per cent confidence limits. He also recognized the importance of using the right variety and age of botanical specimens to be used in making drugs. With technology changing current medical thought and practices, it is critical for pharmacists to embrace the use of technology to expand pharmacy services and grow beyond traditional roles. But to enable this to happen, there was a need for appropriate education and getting the information infrastructure right, he concluded. ChallengesThe challenges for new drug science rested mainly in terms of bridging gaps - gaps between in vitro and in vivo experimentation, gaps between pre-clinical and clinical studies, gaps between pharmacology and therapeutics, and the overall population versus the individual patient. For example, he was among the first practitioners to insist on purity for drugs. Health care budgeting tended to be short term, but the benefits of disease genetics would only be realised in the longer term. This was because in the future pharmacists would be providing a medicine that effected a cure, not just one that managed symptoms. Includes case studies with questions and answers. What was needed was a new training paradigm with pharmaceutical science in the middle linked to biochemistry, cell biology and all the other disciplines. Diagnostic Tests 4. Importance of Science & Technology in our Daily Life. There would also be proteins and other macromolecules, gene-regulating agents (eg, oligonucleotides), and gene therapy, which would be used for specific purposes. The modern era of the pharmaceutical industry—of isolation and purification of compounds, chemical synthesis, and computer-aided drug design—is considered to have begun in the 19th century, thousands of years after intuition and trial and error led humans to believe that plants, animals, and minerals contained medicinal properties. ImpactThe impact of genomics on health care resources would be influenced by a number of factors, including the effectiveness, number and costs of treatments employing genetic treatments, the speed of medical advance and the reaction of health care regulators, all of which were largely unknown at this stage.The term "genetic testing" needed to be defined carefully and it comprised two strands - disease genetics, which involved testing for the genes causing or being associated with disease, and pharmacogenetics, which involved testing for the genes for drug metabolism and/or drug action and hence which drugs would produce a response. Pharmaceutical science in the 16th and 17th centuries. 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